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Bunga yang Tak Jadi Buah
Perkembangbiakan tumbuhan berbunga terjadi melalui proses perkawinan antara bunga jantan dan betina.
Bila bunga jantan dan betina terpisah, apakah masing-masing tumbuh pada tumbuhan yang berbeda ataukah pada tumbuhan yang sama?

Sumber: Komik Sains Kuark T XIII Level 2 Edisi 04
saya pernah melihat bunga sepatu yang saya serbuki.lalu beberapa hari kemudian gugur dan mati.bagaimana Kuark????
Ada yang tumbuh di 1 tumbuban yang sama seperti jagung, ada yang dari tumbuban berbeda seperti salak.
ada yang beda waktu matang ,ada protogami dan protandri,contoh seledri dan kubis.ada juga yang panjang benang sari dan putik berbeda,contoh kina .
(28-12-2016, 08:59 PM)samuel alexander s Wrote: ada yang beda waktu matang ,ada protogami dan protandri,contoh seledri dan kubis.ada juga yang panjang benang sari dan putik berbeda,contoh kina .

Wah, protogami dan protandri itu apa, ya?
waktu subur benang sari dan putik berbeda kuark.ada yg benang sari dulu ada yang putik dulu.
Benar jawaban @ahnaf tuh..

Ada yang keduanya tumbuh di satu tumbuhan, ada yang tidak.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
For other uses, see Flower (disambiguation).
"Floral" redirects here. For other uses, see Floral (disambiguation).
A poster with flowers or clusters of flowers produced by twelve species of flowering plants from different families

A flower, sometimes known as a bloom or blossom, is the reproductive structure found in plants that are floral (plants of the division Magnoliophyta, also called angiosperms). The biological function of a flower is to effect reproduction, usually by providing a mechanism for the union of sperm with eggs. Flowers may facilitate outcrossing (fusion of sperm and eggs from different individuals in a population) or allow selfing (fusion of sperm and egg from the same flower). Some flowers produce diaspores without fertilization (parthenocarpy). Flowers contain sporangia and are the site where gametophytes develop. Many flowers have evolved to be attractive to animals, so as to cause them to be vectors for the transfer of pollen. After fertilization, the ovary of the flower develops into fruit containing seeds.

In addition to facilitating the reproduction of flowering plants, flowers have long been admired and used by humans to beautify their environment, and also as objects of romance, ritual, religion, medicine and as a source of food.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
For other uses of the name, see Pansy (disambiguation).
Pansy Flower.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Malpighiales
Family: Violaceae
Genus: Viola
Section: Viola section Melanium
Species: V. tricolor
Subspecies: V. t. var. hortensis
Trinomial name
Viola tricolor var. hortensis

The garden pansy is a type of large-flowered hybrid plant cultivated as a garden flower.[1] It is derived by hybridization from several species in the section Melanium ("the pansies")[2] of the genus Viola, particularly Viola tricolor, a wildflower of Europe and western Asia known as heartsease. Some of these hybrids are referred to as Viola × wittrockiana Gams ex Nauenb. & Buttler. For simplicity, the older name Viola tricolor var. hortensis is often used.

The garden pansy flower is two to three inches in diameter and has two slightly overlapping upper petals, two side petals, and a single bottom petal with a slight beard emanating from the flower's center. These petals are usually white or yellow, purplish, or blue.[3] The plant may grow to nine inches in height, and prefers sun to varying degrees and well-draining soils.
Flower bouquet
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Bouquet in an Arched Window, Ambrosius Bosschaert, circa 1618-1620. The earliest formal flower arrangements in Europe were Dutch, as shown in many paintings of the 17th century.

A flower bouquet is a collection of flowers in a creative arrangement. Flower bouquets can be arranged for the decor of homes or public buildings, or may be handheld. Handheld bouquets are classified by several different popular shapes and styles, including nosegay, crescent, and cascading bouquets. Flower bouquets are often given for special occasions such as birthdays or anniversaries. They are also used extensively in weddings. Bouquets arranged in vases or planters for home decor can be arranged in either traditional or modern styles. Symbolism may be attached to the types of flowers used, according to the culture.


1 History
2 Nosegay
3 Language of flowers
4 Wedding bouquets
4.1 Wedding bouquet shapes
5 See also
6 References

Fresh flowers are arranged in front of houses to celebrate Onam, a major celebration in Kerala, India.
A Japanese ikebana flower bouquet in a vase.
Flower bouquet
Rose bouquet

The arrangement of flowers for home or building decor has a long history throughout the world. The oldest evidence of formal arranging of bouquets in vases comes from ancient Egypt, and depictions of flower arrangements date to the Old Kingdom (~2500 BCE). The sacred lotus was often used, as were herbs, palms, irises, anemones, and narcissus.[1]

In some cultures, ancient practises still survive today, for example in ikebana, the art of flower-arranging that comes from Japan. The oldest known book on flower-arranging is Japanese and dates from 1445. Simplicity and linear form are core features of ikebana, which has had a great influence on Western flower arranging since the late 19th century.[1]

Flower-arranging as an art form was brought to Japan by Buddhist monks, who learned it while in China. In ancient China, flower-arranging developed into a highly refined art form, based on the principle that life is sacred, including the life of plants, therefore cut flowers were used sparingly in carefully planned arrangements. Flowers were a traditional ritual offering among Buddhists, however, and remain so.[1]

In Europe, flower arranging as a formal art was first documented among the Dutch, who "in particular, painted wonderful informal arrangements of flowers [...] In the 18th century, arrangements were used to decorate the houses of the wealthy families and the aristocracy."[2]

Flower symbolism is common in many cultures, and can be complex. In China, certain flowers symbolize seasons: white plum blossoms represent winter, peach and cherry blossoms represent spring, lotus represents summer, and chrysanthemums the fall.[1]
Further information: Nosegay

The term "tussie-mussie" is sometimes used interchangeably with nosegay. A nosegay was also known as a "talking bouquet" or "flower poesy" during the Victorian era, when they became a popular gift.[3] Traditionally, brides will also carry a small nosegay. Tussie mussies were introduced to England in the early 18th century, and were a fashionable accessory for young women by the early 19th century.[4] A tussie mussie is a small circular bouquet like a nosegay, but carries symbolic meaning based upon the language of flowers, where particular flowers represent specific sentiments. They were commonly exchanged by lovers, who sent messages to one another based upon the flowers used in the bouquet. Traditionally, tussie mussies are arranged in a cone- or cornucopia-shaped container, made of tin or silver, with a chain attached for carrying the bouquet.[5]
Language of flowers
Further information: Language of flowers

Flower symbolism originated in Asia and the Middle East, where certain flowers, such as the lotus, were considered sacred, or at least to be associated with spiritual themes. This was often reflected in artwork, for example the use of bamboo in Chinese art to represent longivity and eternity. The language of flowers was introduced to England in the early 18th century by Mary Wortley, Lady Montague, whose husband was Ambassador to Turkey. By the Victorian era, almost every flower had a specific meaning attached to it. Small nosegay or "tussie mussie" bouquets might include chamomile flowers, which a woman might send to a romantic interest to tell him "Patience"; goldenrod represented indecision.[6]
Wedding bouquets

Traditionally the bride will hold the bouquet, and the maid of honor will hold it during the ceremony. After the wedding the bride will toss it over her shoulder, and it is believed that whoever catches the bouquet is the next in line to be married.[7] This practice may be related to the Golden Apple of Discord myth.[citation needed]

Wedding bouquet shapes

A flower bouquet may seem to be among the simpler choices you need to make ahead of your wedding celebration. However, there are many different bridal bouquet styles to choose from and each of them contribute a certain look to the wedding day, mostly brides will choose the shape of their bouquets according to the trend of the time of their wedding. The following gallery shows popular bride's bouquet shapes, including cascading, hand-tied, nosegay, pomander, flower spray and Biedermeier.[8]

A modern arrangement.

A cascading bouquet shape, with long-stemmed flowers trailing down from the main bouquet.

A pomander bouquet, shaped completely round and worn by a ribbon on the wrist.

A nosegay bouquet, a round shape and roughly a foot in diameter.

A bride holding a hand-tied bouquet, consisting of long-stemmed flowers, often wildflowers.

A "flower spray" bouquet attached as decor to a pillar.

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